Aspergers Disorder (syndrome)

Asperger's syndrome, or sometimes called Asperger's Disorder, is one of a group of diagnoses included under the general term "Pervasive Developmental Disorders". It is sometimes compared to high-functioning Autistic Disorder. In general, Asperger's syndrome is used to describe persons with severe deficits in social interaction and who display repetitive, stereotyped behaviors without significant delays in the acquisition of language or in cognitive functioning. The majority of persons with Asperger's have some degree of language disorder, although their language difficulties may be mild and related only to the use of language for socialisation. The following are certain areas which are especially difficult for children with Asperger's:

  • Children with AS generally have difficulty with social skills and are often teased or ignored by peers.
  • Children with AS generally have impairments in thinking / cognitive processing, which often includes perseverative, rigid, or ritualistic thinking.
  • Communication skills may be impaired, particularly in pragmatic language, problem solving, and abstract reasoning.
  • Children with AS may display unusual sensory reactions and may become easily over- stimulated.
  • Difficulties with motor or perceptual-motor skills are also common, and children with AS may often seem awkward or clumsy.

Some children present with what appears to be typical autism, but go on to develop language and other skills, and by adolescence have all the features described by Asperger. Distinction between Asperger and autism: absence of delayed early language development in Asperger.

No two children are affected in exactly the same way, thus allowance needs to be made for individuality. But a child with Asperger syndrome does not necessarily have to attend a specialist school - an ideal support is a cooperation of the network class teacher, support teacher and special support assistant. They should be calm, positive and consistent and preferably have a good sense of humour.

Readings:

Autism and Aspergers syndrome
A slide show by Hermine Posch

Click here for slide show Click here for single page

Autism and Aspergers syndrome
Part of a paper by researcher (Hermine Posch) University of Granz, Austria on Autism and Asperger syndrome

Educating The Student With Asperger syndrome
According to DSM-IV (1994) criteria, the child must meet the criteria for social impairment, repetitive activities and age of onset, but have normal cognitive and language development. AS involves fewer symptoms than autism.

Links:

AHA/AS/PDD Website: http://www.lightlink.com/schissel/aap/index.html
Advocates for individuals with High Functioning Autism, Asperger's syndrome and other Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Corp.

Asperger syndrome Coalition of the U.S. Website: http://www.asperger.org/index_asc.html
The Asperger syndrome Coalition of the U.S. is a national nonprofit organisation committed to providing the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on Asperger syndrome and related conditions.

Asperger's syndrome Support Network Website: http://home.vicnet.net.au/~asperger/
We are a group of parents who have a family member diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome, an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Our children range in age from 3 years to adult.

Autism NZ Website: http://www.autismnz.org.nz/
Official Website of the Autistic Association of New Zealand Inc.

Center for the Study of Autism Website: http://www.autism.org/
The Center for the Study of Autism (CSA) is located in the Salem/Portland, Oregon area. The Center provides information about autism to parents and professionals, and conducts research on the efficacy of various therapeutic interventions.

Cloud 9 Children's Foundation: http://www.withyoueverystepoftheway.com/
Keeping the dream alive for children with Asperger's syndrome.
The Cloud 9 Children's Foundation aims to provide programs, support and information that help children and teenagers with Asperger's syndrome cope with life's demands and be better understood.

Connecting the Dots Website: http://www.geocities.com/connectingthedots_2002/
The purpose of this site is to bring to a singular location a comprehensive resource of information on autism, Asperger syndrome and ADHD.

Families of Adults Afflicted with Asperger's syndrome Website: http://www.faaas.org/home.html
"Our mission is to offer support to the family members of adult individuals afflicted with Asperger's syndrome. Our goal is to educate the public to the existence of Asperger's syndrome in the ADULT population and to bring awareness of this neurological disorder and its ramifications on the 'whole' family to the medical communities who are directly or indirectly involved.

Future Horizons Website: http://www.futurehorizons-autism.com/
We became the leading publisher in the world in autism/Asperger's primarily because my son, Alex, was diagnosed with autism. This event led me to write a charming little book, "Laughing and Loving with Autism.", as I tried to show the world some of the positives and joys that a child with autism can bring.

Maap Services, Inc. Website: http://www.maapservices.org/index.html
Maap Services, Inc. is a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing information and advice to families of More advanced individuals with Autism, Asperger's syndrome, and Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD).

Online Asperger syndrome Information & Support Website: http://www.udel.edu/bkirby/asperger/
As parents of children who are diagnosed with AS, we understand how essential is it that families of children diagnosed with Asperger syndrome and related disorders, educators who teach children with AS, professionals working with individuals diagnosed with AS, and individuals with AS who are seeking support, have access to information.

www.TonyAttwood.com Website: http://www.tonyattwood.com/
This web site contains resources, information on my presentation schedule, messages and issues related to Asperger's syndrome, and papers I have written on related topics.